Background and history of the American Board of Oral Medicine (ABOM)

The objectives and function of the ABOM specialty board are to:

  • Promote and maintain the highest standards of teaching, research and patient care in the discipline of oral medicine for the benefit of the public.
  • Administer a certifying examination for those wishing to practice oral medicine issue certificates to those who pass the certifying examination who are also known as diplomates, and
  • Establish criteria for maintenance of a diplomate's certificate and conduct on-going certificate maintenance program.

History

The American Academy of Oral Medicine (AAOM) was founded in 1945 by Samuel Charles Miller, and today flourishes as an organization that advances the field of Oral Medicine and is dedicated to obtaining dental specialty recognition. Dr. Samuel Charles Miller was chairman of periodontology and oral medicine at New York University College of Dentistry between 1934 and 1950s. In the 1950s and 1960s, certified training programs in oral medicine spread throughout the United States and as a result, the founding members of AAOM recognized the need for an examining board to establish uniformity of training for oral medicine residencies and to meet the demand of dental education for curriculum guidelines in oral medicine. Accordingly, the American Academy of Oral Medicine established the American Board of Oral Medicine (ABOM) in 1956. The directors of the first board and the first board examiners were: Drs. Samuel Charles Miller, Lester W. Burkett, Joseph F. Volker, Irving Glickman, Herman M. Becks and Harold R. Gelhaar. All were faculty at dental schools. Today the ABOM, although originally sponsored by the AAOM, operates as an independent entity with the objective of providing certification of graduates of recognized advanced education programs in oral medicine.

Governance

The ABOM has seven directors who serve a maximum of one 7-year term, with the most senior director serving as the president in his/her last year of tenure. All directors are Diplomates of the board. There is one president, one ice-president, one secretary, one teasurer and three other members. In any one year, there is a "director-in-training" who is the newest director, who observes for one year in an unofficial capacity. This "director-in-training" is chosen for his/her specialty and field of interest to replace out-going president who has a similar specialty and field of interest.

All members prepare examinations for each of the seven sections that are examined:

    1. Oral mucosal and salivary gland disease
    2. Medically complex patients
    3. Orofacial pain
    4. Oral and maxillofacial pathology
    5. Oral and maxillofacial radiology
    6. Pharmacology
    7. Laboratory medicine

The board encourages continuing education through a continuing education requirement to maintain current Diplomate status. The board collects an annual registration fee from its diplomats to support the board's function.